Research

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2014  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007  2006  2005

Class of 2014

Director of Research - Dr. Peter Vig​ ​ ​

THESIS TITLE ​RESIDENT ​FACULTY ADVISOR
Anterior Open Bite Malocclusion in African-Americans: Analysis of the Underlying Components (Skeletal Vs. Dental) Dr. Mohammed Alali Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Peter Vig
Effect of incisor position on the soft tissue profile ​Dr. Rawia Alkhunaizi Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Daniel Judge
Variables that Predict Patients’ Satisfaction after Orthodontic Treatment, Process and Outcome Dr. Faiza Alotibi Dr. William Swigler
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Ceramic Bracket Debonding with a Diode Laser: Efficacy and Safety Dr. Nicholas D. Andros Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Comparison of complexity between Black and White Americans with Class I Malocclusion using ABODI in and orthodontic institution Dr. Trang Cao Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Peter Vig
Lower Lingual Holding Arch and Extractions in Orthodontics Dr. Thomas Dunn Dr. William Swigler
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Peter Vig
How well do potential patients and orthodontic residents agree on what content is most important to present on an orthodontists website? Dr. Scott Endrizzi Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Daniel Judge
Dr. Dan DiBagno
Does patient’s motivation influence the compliance during orthodontic treatment? Dr. Robertzon Guloy Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Peter Vig
Discontinuation of orthodontic treatment at Jacksonville University: a study of the contributing factors Dr. Louie Haidar Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Peter Vig
Restoring Peg-Shaped Laterals: Evaluation of Esthetics on Different Treatment Approaches Dr. Francisco M. Herrero-Nater Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Peter Vig
Cephalometric Tracing Variation amongst Orthodontic Residents Dr. Bradley Kuper-Smith Dr. Daniel Judge
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Maxillary Advancement surgery and Nasolabial soft tissue changes Dr. Hidayat Nagori Dr. John Zhang
Dr. William Swigler
Dr. Mark Alarbi
Failure Rates of Mini-Screws (TADS) in a Residency Setting Dr. Obiajulu Onuora Dr. Gaby El Bahri
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Peter Vig
Does Orthodontic Treatment Improve Quality of Life Dr. Courtney Rubin Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Peter Vig
Inter-rater space analysis variability comparing first and second year orthodontic students Dr. Ahmad Swidi Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Peter Vig

Class of 2013
Director of Research - Dr. Peter Vig​ ​

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THESIS TITLE RESIDENT FACULTY ADVISOR
Factors affecting recruitment and retention of educators in North Americans orthodontic programs Dr. Nasibah Alharbi Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Mark Alarbi
Dr. Daniel Judge
Different Aspects of Orthodontics In Saudi Arabia Dr. Khulood Al-Ibrahim Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Daniel Judge
The relation between treatment duration and complexity with respect of ABODI component and score Dr. Dareen Aljehani Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Which Measurements Are Most Accurate For Diagnosis A-P Discrepancy? Dr. Ahoud Altamimi Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Daniel Judge
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Effect of Fluoride on NiTi Orthodontic Wires Dr. Nebras Althagafi Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Mark Alarbi
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Marc Campillo, PhD
Consistency of measuring craniofacial characteristics using different imaging softwares Dr. Rawah Eshky Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Gaby El Bahri
The Rate of Bracket Bonding Failure At JU School of Orthodontics Dr. Christopher Feldman Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Daniel Judge
Dr. Dan DiBagno
Essix Retainer: An Optional Transverse Dimension Retention Appliance For Stability After Posterior X-Bite Correction Dr. Carlos Fernandez-Feo Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Peter Vig
Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets with Different Priming Agents Dr. Robin Harrison Dr. Mark Alarbi
Dr. Dan DiBagno
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Significance Of Cephalometric Radiograph In Orthodontic Treatment Plan Decision Dr. Narmin Helal Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Relationship B/W Occlusal Plane Inclination And Wits Appraisal Reading Dr. Anwar Jabour Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Alarbi
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
The Effect Of Shear Bond Strength Of Rebonded Brackets Without The Removal Of Adhesives Dr. Bryan Lockhart Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Bisphosphonates And Their Effects On Orthodontic Treatment: A Systemic Review Dr. Shokofeh Motlagh Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. William Swigler
Design and test the possibility of using Magnets and Temporary Anchorage Device’s to create a force for maxillary posterior intrusion Dr. Jason Ouellette Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Daniel Judge
Dr. John Zhang
Comparison of measurements made between orthocad & plaster models on severely crowded dental arches Dr. Timothy Poyadou Dr. Daniel Judge
Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Dr. Cristiana Araujo

Class of 2012

Director of Research - Dr. Peter Vig​ ​ 

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THESIS TITLE RESIDENT FACULTY ADVISOR
Space considerations due to flattening the curve of Spee Dr. Azita Abbasi Dr. Mark Alarbi
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Ruben Alcazar
Patient Beliefs Regarding Invisalign Treatment Dr. Junaid Afridi Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Dan DiBagno
The Perceived Value Of Required Research In North American Orthodontic Postdoctoral Training Dr. Osama Basri Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Chris Robertson (Dept. of Education)
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
The Adaptation Of Upper Lip Types To Maxillary Incisor Advancement Dr. Andy Baxter Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Peter Vig
James Mirabella PhD
Cephalometric Analysis as an Aid to Orthodontic Diagnosis & Treatment Planning-- A Systematic Review Dr. Chris Cetta Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Daniel Judge
Dr. Marc Ackerman
Effect of Blue Laser on the Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets Dr. Ahmad Charkas Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Dan DiBagno
Dr. Peter Vig
The Effect of the Dental School Process on Student’s Post Graduate Aspiration Dr. Scott Cureton Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Daniel Judge
Dr. Mark Alarbi
Do Skeletal or soft tissue morphologic variables have any relationship to presence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) in patients diagnosed with OSAS? Dr. Jude Fairchild Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. William Swigler
Jim Mirabella PhD
Nasal Soft Tissue Changes Associated With Rapid Maxillary Expansion Measured Using Three Dimensional Imaging Dr. Ben Fishbein Dr. Mark Alarbi
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Peter Vig
Soft Tissue Response To Incisor Retraction: A Study Of Predictor Variables Dr. Pawan Gautam Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
A Comparison of Laypersons and Orthodontists Perception of Smile Esthetics: A Focus on Gummy Smiles Dr. Michelle Katz Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Daniel Judge
Dr. Peter Vig
Evaluation of The Cost Efficiency Of Four Premolar Extraction Versus Non-Extraction Orthodontic Treatment And Factors Associated With Extended Treatment Duration Dr. Eliza Lindquist Dr. Mark Alarbi
Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Smile Esthetic Preferences In Different Ethnicities Dr. Helmy Mostafa Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Peter Vig
Utility of The Pre-Treatment Anterior Bolton Ratio To Predict Residual Overjet In Lower Incisor Extraction Cases Dr. Carolyne Thain Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Peter Vig
Cost-Effectiveness In Orthodontic Treatment at Jacksonville University Dr. Natalia Valerrama Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. Mark Alarbi
Dr. John Zhang
​ ​ ​Class of 2011

Director of Research - Dr. Peter Vig​ ​ ​ ​

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​​THESIS TITLE RESIDENT FACULTY ADVISOR
Orthodontists' Perception of orthodontic Gnathology Concepts Dr. Ruben Alcazar Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Don Rinchuse
Long term changes of Anterior Facial Height Change after Mandibular Symphyseal Distraction Osteogenesis Dr. Keith Alexander Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Amy Counts
Contemporary approaches to orthodontic treatment of patients with moderate skeletal discrepancies Dr. Lisa Beznoska-Davison Dr. John Zhang 
Dr. Marc Ackerman
Orthodontic Resident's Preparation and Study Habits for the American Board of Orthodontic's Written Examination Dr. Zulma R. Castaneda-Medina Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Marc Ackerman
Factors Affecting Case Acceptance of Orthodontic Treatment by Patients/Parents Dr. Lawrence J. Friedman Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. John Zhang
Smallest detectable changes in alar base width: A survey of the orthodontist and layperson Dr. Jared Funt Dr. John Zhang
Jim Mirabella PhD
Comparison Of Shear Bond Strength of Pre-Coated Versus Conventional Bonded Orthodontic Brackets: An ISO Standard In-Vitro Study Dr. Ulises Guzman Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Dr. John Zhang
Summary of statistics in four major orthodontic journal articles published in 2009 Dr. Rishi Kothari Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Dr. Don Rinchuse
Relationship of Maxillary Retromolar space and dentofacial morphology Dr. Marlon Moldez Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. John Zhang
The effect of patient ethnicity on orthodontists'perception of
profile
Dr. Nona Naghavi Dr. Cristiana Araujo
Dr. Mark Alarbi
Bolton analysis and dental measurements comparing digital models to CBCT imaging Dr. Lyna Naseri Dr. John Zhang
Dr. Peter Vig
Polymorphism of MTHFR 677 gene and isolated cleft palate in Indian population Dr. Sheetal Patil Marie Tolarova, MD
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Case Selection Criteria for Invisalign Treatment at Jacksonville Unversity School of Orthodontics Dr. Kamilah Sanford Dr. Peter Vig
Dr. John Zhang
Orthodontic tooth movement in us dental schools: how much exposure do students receive? Dr. Erin G. Sherrill Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. John Zhang
ARS vs Lower incisor extraction: A general dentist's view Dr. Erin Smith Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Factors Affecting Residents' Selection of an Orthodontic Program Dr. Sarah J. Thompson Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. John Zhang
​ ​ ​ ​ ​Class of 2010

Director of Research - Dr. Dipak Chudasama ​ ​

THESIS TITLE ​​RESIDENT FACULTY ADVISOR
A Cone Beam CT Evaluation of Oropharyngeal Airway Space and its Relationship to Mandibular Position and Craniofacial Morphology Dr. Ahmad Abdelkarim Dr. Dipak Chudasama
The Effect of Fluoride on the Mechanical Properties of TMA Wires Dr. Doraida Abramowtiz Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Do Our Patients Understand the Benefits of Orthodontic Treatment? Dr. Anthony Antoniazzi Dr. Marc Ackerman
A Randomized Clinical Trial Assessing Alignment Efficiency of Mandibular Anterior Crowding: Damon-3MX versus In-Ovation R Dr. Kurtis C. Bray Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Perception of Smile Arc in the Presence of Incisal Wear Dr. Jefferson R. Gamblin Dr. Marc Ackerman
Force Consistency and Reliability of Tying Elastic Thread Dr. Craig Hadgis Dr. Amy Counts
Does IPR Represent an Efficient and Safe Way to Reduce Dentoalveolar Discrepancy in Orthodontic Patients? A Systematic Review Dr. Amer Hussain Dr. Dipak Chudasama
An In Vitro Study of the Physical Properties of Retrieved Nickel Titanium Archwires Dr. Patrick G. Jones Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Dr. Marc Ackerman
Analysis of Retainer Appointments at Jacksonville University School of Orthodontics Dr. Beau R. Myers Dr. Amy Counts
Actual Versus Estimated Orthodontic Treatment Times and Factors Associated With Extended Treatment Duration Dr. Sharon Nguyen Dr. Marc Ackerman
Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Force Decay of Elastic Thread Dr. Thuy Nguyen Dr. Amy Counts
Conventional Ligation and Self-Ligation: A Comparison of Mandibular Arch Changes Between the Two Ligation Methods Dr. Hilda Oweisy Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Modification of Angle’s Classification Dr. Dara Rinchuse Dr. Dipak Chudasama
The Anterior Alveolus: It’s Limitations on Orthodontic Treatment Measured by CBCT Dr. Chandy Samuel Dr. Dipak Chudasama
​ ​ ​ ​ ​Class of 2009

Director of Research - Dr. Dipak Chudasama 

THESIS TITLE RESIDENT FACULTY ADVISOR
Comparison of accuracy of bracket placement between a twin bracket, a single bracket, and a self-ligation bracket Dr. Matt Akridge Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Assessing root parallelism: comparing panoramic radiology and cone beam computed tomography Dr. Ginny Baker Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography imaging of two types of periodontal defects Dr. Shafeena Chatur Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Dr. Dipak Chudasama
A Pilot Study of Bite Registration Technique For Digital Model Articulation Dr. Andrew Crabill Dr. Marc Ackerman
Comparison of force decay rates between continuous, short and long filament elastomeric chains. Dr. David Ferguson Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Cone Beam Computerized Tomographic analysis of collum angles in various malocclusions Dr. Kiren Gehani Dr. Dipak Chudasama
An Evaluation of the condylar head to the glenoid fossa distance in Class I, II, and III patients Dr. Reza Ghajarnia Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Summary of statistics in American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedic articles published in 2008 compared to 2003*** Dr. Scott Law Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Inclination of Posterior teeth in the various Angle classifications Dr. Susan Park Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Retention Protocol Outcomes Dr. Mahtab Partovi Dr. Laurance Jerrold
An in vitro study of the effects of the oral environment on the physical properties of super elastic orthodontic archwires Dr. Russell Trapnell Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Pre-treatment soft tissue predictions of orthodontic patients compared to actual post-treatment soft tissue changes with regard to upper and lower lip position Dr. Lily Workman Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Dr. Marc Ackerman
​ ​ ​
​ ​ ​ ​ ​Class of 2008

Director of Research - Dr. Dipak Chudasama 

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THESIS TITLE ​​RESIDENT FACULTY ADVISOR
Effect of fluoride prophylactic agents on the mechanical properties of nickel-titanium based orthodontic closed coil springs Dr. Daniella Browning Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Attractiveness of the gummy smile: A layperson perspective Dr. Oleg Eisenstein Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Dr. Mark Alarbi
Comparison of conventional cephalometric radiographic analysis to cephalometric radiographs rendered from CBCT Dr. Blain Jacobson Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Dr. Gaby el Bahri
Dr. Mark Alarbi
Most favored facial profiles among four racial groups Dr. Louis Kubala Dr. Amy Counts
The incidence of root resorption analyzed via panoramic radiographs, after comprehensive orthodontic treatmen Dr. Richard Lee Dr. Mark Alarbi
The prevalence of arch form asymmetries pre and post orthodontic treatment Dr. Lauren Lockhart Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Comparison of inclination and bone surrounding the apex of mandibular incisors utilizing digital and CBCT generated cephalometric radiographs Dr. Dennis Mauro Dr. Dipak Chudasama
In-vitro study on comparison of shear bond strength between conventional acid etching and air abrasion of human enamel Dr. Herbert Murillo Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Prevalence of symptoms and risk of sleep apnea in the patient population under 18 y.o. at Jacksonville University Dr. Marco Pinto Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Dr. Jack Sheridan
The perceived need for orthodontic treatment for female teens who are facially attractive versus those who have an average facial appearance Dr. Jason Rice Dr. Dipak Chudasama
In vitro effects of topical fluoride formulations on elastomeric chains Dr. Timothy Stuhlmiller Dr. Amy Counts
A clinical comparison of incisor alignment with a fiber reinforced composite arch wire and conventional metal arch wires Dr. Gregory Trapnell Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Comparison of the retentive abilities of the BioMers wire and the standard wraparound retainer Dr. Jeff Trapnell Dr. Dipak Chudasama
​ ​ ​Class of 2007

Director of Research - Dr. Dipak Chudasama 

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THESIS TITLE ​​​RESIDENT FACULTY ADVISOR
Predicting size of unerupted second bicuspids using Panoramic Radiographs Dr. Ricardo J Busquets Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Comparison of the anesthetic effects of two different topical anesthetics used in laser assisted gingivectomy in adolescents receiving orthodontic treatment Dr. Yesenia Garcia Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Alternative Methods for Orthodontic Band Sterilization Dr. Romia Goff Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Facial Forms and Smile Esthetics Dr. Sarita N. Hithe Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Properties of Clinician Bent NiTi Archwires vs. Pre-Formed Archforms Dr. Joshua Jones Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Force Magnitude of Elastics : An In vitro Study Dr. Fausto Nicieza Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Use of Computer Tomography in Detection of Alveolar Bone Dehiscence Dr. Mitra Parsa Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Dr. Jack Sheridan
Comparison of vertical facial disharmony between Japanese and Caucasian adults Dr. Alisa Raglin Dr. Amy Counts
A Survey of General Dentists Practicing in the United States regarding TMD Dr. Sung S. Shyn Dr. Jack Sheridan
Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Incidence of shovel-shaped incisors in Otavalan Indians Dr. Aaron Tolman Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Post-adolescent lower incisor crowding: A Survey of common causative beliefs between general practitioners and orthodontists Dr. Michael Paul Turgeau Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Force degradation among four orthodontic elastomeric chains. A product comparison study Dr. Kapil Vij Dr. Dipak Chudasama
A clinical trial to evaluate the effect of fluoride prophylactic agents on the mechanical properties of super elastic orthodontic archwires ** Dr. Jossette Vo Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Comparison of Fiber-Reinforced Composites and Goldchain for use as Lingual Retainers Dr. Kendall S. Woolridge Dr. Dipak Chudasama
​ ​ ​Class of 2006

Director of Research - Dr. Dipak Chudasama 

THESIS TITLE RESIDENT FACULTY ADVISOR
Orthodontic Patient Clinical Research Database Ilan Abramowitz, Jason Barlock, Andrew Demos Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Cephalometric Analysis of Sagittal Discrepancies Using the Beta Angle on African-American Patients Dr. Derry Agnini Dr. David Kornbluth
Esthetics of Buccal Corridor Space Dr. Jason A. Battle Dr. Arthur Litowitz
A survey for the evaluation of lower facial profile preferences of African Americans as determined by different anteroposterior lip positions Dr. Enrique J. Gallo Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Dr. Mark Alarbi
An investigation of discomfort caused by placement of an initial archwire in patients receiving a self-ligating, fixed orthodontic appliance Dr. Peter S. Jang Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Upper Lateral Incisor Tooth Size Discrepancy and the Relationship to the Class II div 2 Malocclusion Dr. Edwin C. Jauch Dr. Dipak Chudasama
The Variables and Clinical Performances of Class II Elastics Dr. Ryan Reynolds Long Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Computerized Cephalometric Superimposition utilizing Vistadent Cephalometric Software Dr. Christopher N Modjeski Dr. Dipak Chudasama
Mandibular Molar Protraction Aided by Skeletal Anchorage Dr. Tania Quinn Dr. Gaby el Bahri
Lower lip response to lower incisor retraction in African Americans Dr. Brad Santelli Dr. Gaby el Bahri
Cephalometric Comparison of Growing Class IIIs to Age Appropriate Norms Dr. Michael Sawaf Dr. Amy Counts
The Art of Orthodontics. A Clinical Guide for the New Orthodontic Resident Dr. Ryan Young
​ ​ ​ ​ ​Class of 2005

Director of Research - Dr. Laurance Jerrold

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THESIS TITLE RESIDENT FACULTY ADVISOR
Pre-Eruption Dental Compensation As An Early Indicator of Class III Malocclusion Dr. Boris Arbitman Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Degree Discrimination in the Orthodontic Profession: The Orthodontic Perspective Dr. Matthew J. Becker 
Dr. Cory Hoffman
Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Patient’s Perception of Professional Demeanor Based On Attire Dr. Cameron Hulse 
Dr. Darrin Storms
Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Hand-traced versus computer-assisted Cephalometric Analysis Dr. Molly McCarty Dr. Arthur Litowitz
A Comparison of Microleakage Among 4 Different Bonding Agents Dr. Jeffrey Meckfessel Dr. Joseph Pelle
The Effect of Parallax on the Evaluation of Angle Classification Dr. Jason Pavlik Dr. Mark Alarbi
Dr. JP Pontier
An Alternative Protocol for Anterior Crowding Correction with Invisalign and Validation of the ClinCheck Dr. H. Derick Phan Dr. Gasper Lazzara
Absolute Anchorage with Zygomatic Mini Screw Implants in the Correction of Bilateral Molar Class II Malocclusion Dr. Barry Quinn Dr. Gaby El Bahri
The True Absence of a Maxillary Dentofacial Midline: How Aesthetically Important Is It to the Patient/Layperson Dr. Robert D. Sheridan Dr. John Lazzara
Black, white, or gray: Finding commonality on how orthodontists describe the areas between Angle’s molar classifications* Dr. Randall Snyder Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Tensile Force Levels of Elastomeric Thread Dr. Enrique G. Vargas Dr. Laurance Jerrold
Karl Soderholm PhD
Jim Mirabella PhD
The Force-Elongation Characteristics of Orthodontic Elastomeric Chains Dr. Jack G. Wright Dr. Laurance Jerrold
​Published

​ ​*American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics Sept. 2007, 132(3): 302-306.

**World J Orthod. 2010 Summer; 11(2):135-41

***Angle Orthod. 2010 Sep; 80(5):952-6