Geography is the study of place in the same sense that history is the study of time. Moreover, geographers can visit and explore any place in the world. Geographers concentrate on asking two essential questions – “Where are things located?” and “Why are they located there?” From the information we obtain to these questions, geographers can study the local, national and global patterns that shape our lives.
Geographers are interdisciplinary scientists who study both the human and natural environments. As a result, geographers are free to study issues and phenomena from virtually all other disciplines. Geography is divided into three (3) distinct fields and numerous subfields:
- Human geography
- Physical geography
- Technical geography
Human geography is the study of topics in the social sciences and human environment such as social, political, economic, or population issues. Physical geography is the study of topics in the physical sciences and natural environment such as climate, geology, resources, or biology. Technical geography encompasses the technical skills of geography including mapping and data analysis. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have enabled geographers to merge these technical skills.