Geography is the study of place in the same sense that history is the study
of time. Moreover, geographers can visit and explore any place in the world.
Geographers concentrate on asking two essential questions – “Where are things
located?” and “Why are they located there?” From the information we obtain to
these questions, geographers can study the local, national and global patterns
that shape our lives.
Geographers are interdisciplinary scientists who study both the human and
natural environments. As a result, geographers are free to study issues and
phenomena from virtually all other disciplines. Geography is divided into three
(3) distinct fields and numerous subfields:
- Human geography
- Physical geography
- Technical geography
Human geography is the study of topics in the social sciences and human
environment such as social, political, economic, or population issues. Physical
geography is the study of topics in the physical sciences and natural
environment such as climate, geology, resources, or biology. Technical geography
encompasses the technical skills of geography including mapping and data
analysis. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have enabled geographers to merge
these technical skills.