BIOLOGY COURSES



BIOL 100. Principles of Biology (4)
Three hours lecture  per week. Co-requisite: BIOL 100L. This course cannot be used as a prerequisite for any other Biology course. An introductory overview of the diversity and characteristics of life and living organisms. Structural and functional parameters as well as interactive relationships are emphasized.

BIOL 100L. Principles of Biology Lab (0) 
Two hours laboratory per week. Required co-requisite for BIOL 100. An introduction to the scientific method and exploration.

BIOL 170. Introduction to Ecology and Evolution (4)
Three hours per week. Co-requisite: BIOL 170L. BIOL 170 is a prerequisite for all BIOL and MSC courses numbered 300 and above. An introduction to ecological and evolutionary principles shaping the biota and ecosystems of the earth. An introduction to applications of quantitative techniques in ecology and evolution will be included in both lecture and laboratory. 

BIOL 170L. Introduction to Ecology and Evolution lab (0)
Two and a half hours laboratory per week. Co-requisite: BIOL 170. Required co-requisite for BIOL 170. An introduction to applications of quantitative techniques in ecology and evolution.

BIOL 125. Ecology of Man (4)
Three hours lecture and two hours laboratory per week. An overview of the primary ecological concepts and how these apply to the problems facing the human species. Population, pollution, energy and man’s effect on other species will be discussed. Field trips and quantitative techniques in ecology will be included.

BIOL 127. Ornithology (4; S)
Three hours lecture and two hours laboratory per week. An introduction to the study of birds, including their unique characteristics as well as their suitability for demonstrating such biological principles as adaptation, behavior and evolution. Emphasis will be placed on local species, and the two-hour session will include field trips, films and identification of study skins. Binoculars are required (8x or greater).

BIOL 199. Introduction to Special Topics in Biology (var. 1-4) 
This course may be offered on demand. Covering predetermined introductory special topics of student interest and biological significance.

BIOL 204. Botany (4)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: A “C-” or better in BIOL 170 or MSC 101. BIOL 204 is a prerequisite for select BIOL and MSC courses numbered 300 and above. A comparative study of structure, function and development of plants, with special emphasis on the higher plants and their relationship to man and other animals.

BIOL 207. General Zoology (4)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: A “C-” or better in BIOL 170 or MSC 101. BIOL 207 is a prerequisite for select BIOL and MSC courses numbered 300 and above. A study of evolution, general ecology, life histories, physiology, anatomy and behavior of animals. Laboratory devoted to survey of animal phyla, anatomy and physiology, and field trips to study animals under natural conditions

BIOL 208. Introduction to Cellular, Genetic & Molecular Biology (4)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: A “C-” or better in CHEM103 and BIOL 170 or MSC 101. Co-requisite: CHEM 104 or equivalent. BIOL 208 is a prerequisite for select BIOL and MSC courses numbered 300 and above. The objective of the course is to introduce students to the molecular basis of life. The five attributes common to life (growth, division, specialization, movement and interaction) will be explored on a molecular level through the study of biochemical structure and function, metabolism and information storage and transmission. To be included are basic concepts of both transmission and molecular genetics.

BIOL 214. Human Anatomy and Physiology for Exercise Science (4)
Three hours lecture; three hours laboratory per week. This course is intended to develop in the student a basic knowledge and understanding of the structure and functions of the various systems of the body and their applications to the fields of physical education, exercise science and sport administration. Laboratory will utilize models, sample dissections, software and other demonstration materials, along with exercises in and demonstrations of physiological processes. 

BIOL 215. Human Anatomy & Physiology I (4; F)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week.  Co-requisite: CHEM 101 or permission of instructor.  This course, a study of the morphology and physiology of humans, includes sections concerned with basic chemistry of protoplasm and chemical reactions, structure and function of cells, including mitosis, the study of histology, with a concentration on organs and organ systems, including integumentary, musculo-skeletal, nervous, special senses, and endocrine systems.

BIOL 216. Human Anatomy & Physiology II (4; S)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week.  Prerequisite: A “C-” or better in BIOL 215.
This course is continuation of BIOL 215 and covers the cardiovascular system, lymphatic system & immunity, respiratory system, digestive system, metabolism, urinary system, fluid/electrolyte & acid/base balance, reproductive system, and introduction to heredity.

BIOL 221. Nutrition (3; F)

Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in CHEM 101. Introduction to human nutrition. Emphasis on nutritive processes, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.

BIOL 222. Microbiology for Health Professionals (4; S)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in CHEM 101 or 103. An introduction to microorganisms and their relationship to human health and disease. Course topics include structure, function, and growth of bacteria, viruses, and fungi, control of microorganisms, immunity and pathogenesis. This course is part of the pre-nursing curriculum and will not count towards the Biology, Marine Science or Biochemistry major requirements.

BIOL 223SI. Oral Presentation in the Biological Sciences (3) 
Two hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in CHEM103 and BIOL 170 or MSC 101. BIOL 223SI is a prerequisite for select BIOL and MSC courses numbered 300 and above. An interdisciplinary course designed to enable students to communicate effectively in a variety of speaking situations routinely encountered by professionals in the biological sciences. Students will be required to make several oral presentations.

BIOL 301WR. Microbiology (4; F)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 170/170L or MSC 101 and BIOL 208, BIOL 223SI or CHEM 311SI, and CHEM 104. The course includes a detailed examination of the principles of microbiology, including the structure, function and growth of bacteria and viruses, with emphasis on health, environmental and industrial applications. Formal scientific papers of laboratory results and analysis of primary literature will be required with a minimum of 6,000 words. This course is research intensive and satisfies the experiential learning requirement.

BIOL/MSC 302. Invertebrate Zoology (4)
Cross-listed with MSC 302. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 207; additionally, BIOL 204, 208 and 223SI are required for students with senior status. An advanced study of the invertebrate phyla with emphasis on the phylogeny, physiology, morphology and habitat of each taxonomic group. Credit cannot be awarded for both BIOL 302 and MSC 302.

BIOL 303. Vertebrate Biology (4)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL207; additionally, BIOL204, 208, 223SI are required for students with senior status. An advanced study of the vertebrates with emphasis on ecology, physiology, morphology and behavior. Field trips are included.

BIOL/MSC 304WI. Ichthyology (4; F)
Cross-listed with MSC 304WI. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 207 and 223SI; additionally, BIOL 204 and 208 are required for students with senior status. An advanced study of fish with emphasis on the ecology, physiology, morphology and behavior of the Teleosts. Field trips are included. Formal scientific papers of research and/or laboratory results will be required with a minimum of 6,000 words. Credit cannot be awarded for both BIOL 304WI and MSC 304WI.

BIOL 305. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (4)
Three hours lecture and four hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 207; additionally, BIOL 204, 208 and 223SI are required for students with senior status.  A comparative study of the anatomy of the chordates with reference to phylogenetic relationships of anatomical structures among species. Laboratory exercises emphasize full dissection of fish, amphibian, and feline organisms, plus select studies of organ systems of other species including birds, reptiles, and diverse mammals including man.

BIOL 306. Comparative Vertebrate Embryology (5)
Two hours lecture and eight hours laboratory per week, you may have up to 1.5 hours of conflicting course scheduling with lab times. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 207; additionally, BIOL 204, 208 and 223SI are required for students with senior status. Comparative study of early development of vertebrates with laboratory emphasis on the frog, chick and pig.

BIOL 308. Principles of Immunology (4; S)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 208; additionally, BIOL 204, 207 and 223SI are required for students with senior status. An in-depth look at the molecular, cellular and organismal elements of the immune system. Topics covered include: innate and adaptive immune responses, monoclonal antibodies, ELISA, generation of the B and T cell receptor repertoires, mechanisms of cellular and humoral mediated immunity, cytokines, complement, autoimmunity and immune response to pathogens, especially HIV/AIDS.

BIOL 309. Animal Physiology (4)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 208 and CHEM 104; CHEM 301 suggested; additionally, BIOL 204, 207 and  223SI are required for students with senior status. A survey of animal tissue and organ functions with an emphasis on mammalian systems, specifically humans. Laboratory will introduce techniques and principles of investigating organ functions.

BIOL 312. Plant Taxonomy (4)
Two hours lecture and four hours laboratory per week. Pre-requisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL204, 223SI; additionally, BIOL 207, 208 are required for students with senior status. Comparative morphology, identification, and classification of flowering plants. Emphasis on family characteristics and identity of local flora.

BIOL 314. Evolution (3)
Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 204, 207 and 208; additionally, BIOL 223SI is required for students with senior status. A study of history, mechanisms, and classical examples of the evolution of life. Course will include a survey of paleontological evidence and classical and recent literature.

BIOL320WI Human Ecology, Infectious, and Zoonotic Disease (4)
Three hours lecture and three hours of lab per week.  Pre-requisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL170/170L or MSC101 and BIOL207 and 208; additionally, BIOL204 and 223SI are required for students with senior status.  Course explores the relationships between human ecology and patterns of infectious and zoonotic disease occurrence. Students learn the major types of disease-causing infectious agents and the many ways in which changes in human populations, behavior, agricultural practices, and social policies can influence the occurrence of infectious disease. Laboratories emphasize epidemiological and pathophysiological topics.  Formal scientific writing will be required with a minimum of 6,000 words.

BIOL/MSC 335. Marine Mammal Biology (3)
Cross-listed with MSC 335. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 207; additionally, BIOL204, 208 and 223SI are required for students with senior status. Co-requisite: BIOL/MSC 336 when offered. Comprehensive study of marine mammal biology including evolution, taxonomy, anatomic and physiologic adaptations to the marine environment, population dynamics, ecological relationships, use as bio-monitors of environmental and human health, conservation and legal issues. Credit cannot be awarded for both BIOL 335 and MSC 335.

BIOL/MSC 336. Marine Mammal Biology Laboratory (1)
Cross-listed with MSC 336. Three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 207; additionally, BIOL204, 208 and 223SI are required for students with senior status. Co-requisite: BIOL/MSC 335. Experiential instruction in marine mammal morphology, behavior, necropsy, field techniques for biological surveys and health assessments, husbandry in captive environments. Credit cannot be awarded for both BIOL 336 and MSC 336.

BIOL 387/388/487/488. Independent Study (var. 1-6)
This course may be taken for credit more than once, but only four hours will count toward satisfying departmental degree requirements and only twelve hours will count toward satisfying University graduation requirements. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 204, 207, 208, 223SI and permission of instructor. In consultation with a faculty mentor, students will develop a research plan to explore a unique biological or marine phenomenon. Appropriate activities include, but are not limited to, literature reviews, data collection, data analysis and manuscript/presentation preparation. Students are expected to work 45 hours per credit hour per semester. Graded outcomes must include either a review paper, a formal scientific paper and/or a presentation. Departmental and College paperwork must be completed prior to registration and awarding of credit.

BIOL 390/490. Internship (var. 1-12)
This course may be taken for credit more than once, but only four hours will count toward satisfying departmental degree requirements and only twelve hours will count towards satisfying University graduation requirements. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 204, 207, 208 and 223SI, cumulative GPA equal to or greater than 2.5 and permission of instructor. In consultation with a faculty supervisor, students will select an appropriate internship setting to build upon, not replace, their university course work. Students are expected to work 45 hours per credit hour per semester. Graded outcomes include, but are not limited to, journal, paper, oral report and/or presentation. Departmental and College paperwork must be completed prior to registration and awarding of credit.

BIOL 397/398/497/498. Departmental Honors (var. 1-6)
This course may be taken for credit more than once, but only four hours will count toward satisfying departmental degree requirements. Prerequisites: Minimum of two (2) hours from any of BIOL 387/388/487/488, cumulative GPA equal to or greater than 3.5 and permission of instructor. In consultation with a supervisory committee composed of three faculty members, students will develop a research plan to explore a unique biological or marine phenomenon. Appropriate activities include, but are not limited to, data collection, data analysis and manuscript/presentation preparation. Students are expected to work 45 hours per credit hour per semester. Graded outcomes must include both a formal scientific paper and presentation. Departmental and College paperwork must be completed prior to registration and awarding of credit.

BIOL 402WR. Cell Biology (4)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 208 and either BIOL 223SI or CHEM 311SI; additionally, BIOL 204 and 207 are required for biology majors with senior status. An in-depth introduction to cell structure and function using recent primary literature. Topics to be covered may include: plasma membrane, cytoskeleton, extracellular matrix, intracellular transport, differentiation, proliferation and cell cycle, receptor signaling and oncogenesis. The lab will introduce techniques used for examining cellular structure and function. Formal scientific papers of laboratory results will be required with a minimum of 6,000 words. This course is research intensive and satisfies the experiential learning requirement.

BIOL 404. Ecology (4)
Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 204 and 207; additionally, BIOL 208 and 223SI are required for students with senior status. A study of the interrelations of plants and animals with their environment. The major eco-systems of the Southeastern United States will be studied and quantitative techniques in ecology and data analysis will be emphasized.

BIOL 406. Advanced Ornithology (4; S)
Three hours lecture and two hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 207; additionally, BIOL 204, 208 and 223SI are required for students with senior status. This course cannot be taken for credit if the student has completed BIOL 127. An introduction to the study of birds, including their unique characteristics as well as their suitability for demonstrating such biological principles as adaptation, behavior and evolution. Emphasis will be placed on local species, and the two-hour session will include field trips, films and identification of study skins. A significant research project involving both field and library work is required. Binoculars are required (8x or greater).

BIOL 409. Pharmacology and Toxicology (3)
Cross-listed with CHEM 409. Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisites: CHEM 301 with a minimum grade of “C” and BIOL 208 with a minimum grade of “C”, or permission of instructor (course is cross-listed as CHEM 409). An introduction to the principles underlying pharmacology and toxicology, including the nature of drug targets, their interaction and response (pharmacodynamics), the fate of drugs within the body (pharmacokinetics), chemotherapy, toxicity classification, poisons and antidotes, adverse drug reactions, selective toxicity, drug discovery and development and clinical molecular therapeutic techniques. Selected examples will be studied to illustrate key principles of clinical pharmacology. Credit cannot be awarded for both BIOL 409 and CHEM 409.

BIOL/MSC 412WI. Physiological Ecology (4)
Cross-listed with MSC 412WI. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 204, 207, 223SI, and CHEM 301 or 304; additionally, BIOL 208 is required for students with senior status. An interdisciplinary approach to the interrelationship between the organism and environment, and among different taxa. Major emphasis will be placed on the physiological aspects of aquatic organisms (notably estuarine and coastal forms). Formal scientific papers of laboratory results will be required for a minimum of 6,000 words. Credit cannot be awarded for both BIOL 412WI and MSC 412WI.

BIOL417WI Conservation Biology (4)
Three hours lecture and three hours of lab per week. Pre-requisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL170/170L or MSC101 and BIOL204, 207, and 223; additionally, BIOL208 is required for students with senior status.. This course explores interactions between humans and the environment, focusing on biodiversity, human populations, renewable and nonrenewable resources, pollution and waste, and sustainability.  Formal scientific writing will be required with a minimum of 6,000 words.

BIOL 425. Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology I (4; F) 
 Cross-listed with CHEM 425. Three hours lecture per week and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 208 and CHEM302; additionally, BIOL 204, 207 and 223SI are required for biology majors with senior status. An examination of the structures and functions of amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids. Enzyme kinetics and regulation will be discussed. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic gene expression and regulation with emphasis on the processes that make modern recombinant DNA techniques possible will be studied. Credit cannot be awarded for both BIOL 425 and CHEM 425.

BIOL 426WI. Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology II (4; S)
Cross-listed with CHEM 426WI. Three hour lecture per week and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: A “C-” or better in BIOL/CHEM 425, BIOL 223SI. A continuation of modern recombinant DNA techniques, with emphasis on genetically modified organisms and transgenic expression systems. The background from these studies and the prerequisite course will then be used to examine the mechanisms and control of cellular energy metabolism. Formal scientific papers of research and/or laboratory results will be required with a minimum of 6,000 words. Credit cannot be awarded for both BIOL 426WI and CHEM 426WI.

BIOL 430. Special Topics in Biology (var. 1-4)
Prerequisites: A “C-” or better in BIOL 204, 207, 208 and 223SI. This semester course may be offered on demand, covering predetermined special topics of student interest and biological significance, each topic to be pursued throughout the term. Lectures and discussions will be conducted by the combined efforts of staff members, visiting speakers and students.

BIOL 432. Student Mentor/Assistant Practicum (2)
Two meeting hours per week, plus required attendance at BIOL or MSC lectures of an assigned faculty member. Prerequisite: Minimum of 20 hours of BIOL/MSC credit, 3.0 GPA in major classes and permission of the instructor. This course is designed to introduce students to the many and various responsibilities of teaching. Course content will include methods of presentation of material and workshops on tutoring. Students will be expected to give one lecture, assist in labs, attend and assist in lectures, grade homework and labs, and provide tutoring and help for students enrolled in the class.

BIOL 433WI Animal Behavior (3)
Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisites A “C-” or better in BIOL100/100L or BIOL170/170L (preferred), BIOL207 is recommended.  This course is only open to Psychology majors.  This course examines both the proximate and ultimate processes involved in shaping animal behavior and highlights the interdisciplinary nature of animal behavior, drawing from genetics, physiology, psychology, endocrinology, and conservation.  Topics covered include mechanisms of behavior, foraging, defense against predation, aggression, animal learning, sensory systems, communication, mating systems, parental care behavior, and human behavior.  Course objectives will be met through lecture, scientific literature, student projects, videos and field trips to observe both wild and captive animals.  Formal scientific writing will be required with a minimum of 6,000 words.

BIOL 434WI Animal Behavior (3)
Three hours lecture per week. Prerequisites A “C-” or better in BIOL170/170L or MSC101, BIOL207 and 223SI; additionally, BIOL204 and 208 are required for students with senior status.  This course examines both the proximate and ultimate processes involved in shaping animal behavior and highlights the interdisciplinary nature of animal behavior, drawing from genetics, physiology, psychology, endocrinology, and conservation.  Topics covered include mechanisms of behavior, foraging, defense against predation, aggression, animal learning, sensory systems, communication, mating systems, parental care behavior, and human behavior.  Course objectives will be met through lecture, scientific literature, student projects, videos and field trips to observe both wild and captive animals.  Formal scientific writing will be required with a minimum of 6,000 words.

BIOL 499. Senior Seminar (1)
One hour per week. Prerequisite: a minimum of 20 semester hours completed in biology and/or marine science, senior status or consent of the instructor. This course must be taken for a grade and is required of all students majoring in biology and marine science. Course content will include reviews of subject material by the biology faculty, student presentations and a departmental exam.